High courts in india

Hierarchy of Courts and Justice System in India

This power of superintendence is a very wide power in as much as it extends to all courts as well as tribunals within the State, whether such court or tribunal is subject to the appellate jurisdiction of the High Court or not.

It is the highest judicial organ of the state. The Constitution, thus, denies to subordinate courts the right to interpret the Constitution so that there may be the maximum possible uniformity as regards constitutional decisions.

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In India, neither the State executive nor the State Legislature has any power to control the High Courts or two after its Constitution or organisation. The chief justices rank fourteenth within their respective states and seventeenth outside their respective states on the Indian order of precedence.

Indian High Courts Act 1861

There are 24 high courts in India taking care of the regional juridical system of India out of which Kolkata High Court is the oldest [6]. According to a study conducted by Bengaluru -based NGO, Daksh, on 21 high courts in collaboration with the Ministry of Law and Justice in Marchit was found that average pendency of a case in high courts in India is 3 years.

These courts are treated as subordinate to High Courts by status. President clears 15 new judges for Madras high court. Normally these types of courts exercise their power of juridical service in district level. High courts are headed by a chief justice. There have been cases where ordinary citizens have been charged for espionage while overstaying their visa or straying across the international land or maritime boundary and languishing in prison for years due to the slow redressal process.

Judicial System in India. Under Article 32 the Supreme Court is made the guarantor and protector, of Fundamental Rights whereas in the case of High court the power to enforce Fundamental Rights is part of their general jurisdiction.

The proceeding of the Supreme Court is being heard only in the language of English. Supreme Court of India. The computer as a weapon: The programs of this kind are called as Trojans. June According to the World Banks, "although India's courts are notoriously inefficient, they at least comprise a functioning independent judiciary" [27] A functioning judiciary is the guarantor of fairness and a powerful weapon against corruption.

This article is passing through the process of upgrading with the presently enforced Article as per the Supreme Court Rules, [5]. The courts are structured with very strong judiciary and hierarchical system as per the powers bestowed upon them.

High court of india pdf -High Courts of India List All States 2016

Judges in a high court are appointed by the President of India in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the governor of the state. Technical Aspects Technological advancements have created new possibilities for criminal activity, in particular the criminal misuse of information technologies such as a.

There are some 30 million cases in various courts. The jurisdiction of High Court is varying so far territorial jurisdiction is considered [7]. The abuse of computers has also given birth to a gamut of new age crimes that are addressed by the Information Technology Act, Supreme Court is defined as the Court of record with the right to make punishment for the contempt of court [14].

Further, this power of superintendence would include a revisional jurisdiction to intervene in case of gross injustice or non-exercise of abuse of jurisdiction, even though no appeal or revision against the orders of such tribunal was otherwise available.

Smaller states with few cases may have circuit benches established.

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The Calcutta High Court is the oldest high court in the country, established on 2 July Every Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President. There are specific areas in which only High Courts can exercise the right for hearing like cases related to Company Law as it is designated specially in a state or federal law.

Every High Court has a power of superintendence over all courts and tribunals throughout the territory in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction, excepting military tribunals [Art. The panchayats are there in the rural area to resolve the issues related to civil or criminal issues by following the simple system of informal application to enhance to scope of compromise between the parties.

It is often questioned if the three layer judicial system is at all necessary or not for the purpose of running the judicial system of the country. Decision on the number of judges in High Court is mainly dictated considering the higher number of either the average of organization of main cases for the last years as per the average nationally calculated or the average rate of main cases disposed per judge per year in the respective high court.

India has cohesive judiciary system and Supreme Court is the apex court. The High Court is the supreme judicial body in a state. According to Articleeach state of India shall have a High Court. It is the final interpreter of the constitution. There are 24 High Courts in.

27 rows · Below the high courts is a hierarchy of subordinate courts such as the civil courts, family courts, criminal courts and various other district courts. High courts are instituted as constitutional courts under Part VI, Chapter V, Article of the Indian constitution.

Top 10 Most Amazing Buildings of High Courts in India There are 24 High Courts in India, Calcutta High Court is the oldest High Court and The Madras,Allahabad and Bombay. Courts and Justice system in India The courts are divided into three categories with top court, middle court and lower court.

The top court is named as the Supreme Court, while the middle court is named as High Court, and the lower court is named as District Court. The High Courts of India: Composition, Appointment of Judges and other Details!

Article says that every State has a High Court operating within its territorial jurisdiction. But the Parliament has the power to establish a common High Court for two or more States (Article ). There are 24 high courts at the state and union territory level of India, which together with the Supreme Court of India at the national level, comprise the country's judicial system.

The High Courts of India: Composition, Appointment of Judges and other Details

Each high court has jurisdiction over a state, a union territory or a group of states and union territories.

High courts in india
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